Periodontal Treatment Can Reverse and Manage the Effects of Gum Disease
Dr. Gianni Franceschi offers periodontal treatment at our New Port Richey, FL, practice to minimize the effects of gum disease. Good periodontal health can have a significant impact on your general health and also preserve healthy teeth and a healthy jawbone. Periodontal disease, also referred to as gum disease, is caused by an overgrowth of bacteria in the gum line and tooth roots. If left untreated, it can lead to tooth loss and jawbone recession. Periodontal disease has been linked to other serious health conditions, such as diabetes, heart disease, and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Gum disease is a progressive condition that can often be managed with nonsurgical treatment. However, more severe cases may require surgical therapy.
Signs and Symptoms of Periodontal Disease
The most common effects of periodontal disease include:
- Bleeding gums, particularly when brushing and flossing
- Sore, red, and inflamed gums
- Receding gums
- Chronic bad breath
- Visible and painful sores or signs of infection
- Noticeable spacing in between teeth
- Loose, painful teeth and malocclusion
Periodontal disease is most frequently caused by poor preventative care, such as neglecting to brush and floss regularly and avoiding the dentist for routine cleanings and exams.
What Causes Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease is most frequently caused by poor preventative care, such as neglecting to brush and floss regularly and avoiding the dentist for routine cleanings and exams. However, even patients that practice good oral hygiene can develop periodontal disease if they:
- Have a genetic predisposition
- Take certain medications, such as for birth control, heart disease, and anxiety
- Have diabetes
- Have bruxism (teeth grinding and jaw clenching)
- Are pregnant
- Use tobacco products
- Have poor diet and nutrition
This health condition develops from the accumulation of bacteria around the gum line until infection occurs. If diagnosed in its earliest stages (gingivitis), the effects are reversible. However, once it advances to periodontitis, it can cause irreversible damage to the tooth roots, leading to tooth loss and jawbone deterioration.
Treatments for Periodontal Disease
To manage early gum disease, Dr. Franceschi may recommend that you visit the dentist more frequently for professional cleanings and pay extra attention to oral hygiene at home. Moderate to advanced gum disease may require more extensive treatments such as the following.
- Scaling and Root Planing: Also called deep cleaning, this procedure thoroughly removes plaque and bacteria buildup from the base of the tooth and below the gum line and smooths tooth root surfaces to help prevent bacteria from adhering. If necessary, a topical antibiotic medication will be applied to help treat infection.
- Laser Periodontal Therapy: A diode laser can aid deep cleaning by removing diseased gum tissue and clearing bacteria and infection from under the gum line. This state-of-the-art technology is able to trim and cauterize tissue simultaneously, promoting faster healing.
- Flap Surgery: This procedure may be required for advanced gum disease. The gums are gently folded back so that tartar can be removed from below the gum line. The damaged bone may also be smoothed to help prevent bacteria from adhering. The gums are then sutured back in place so they fit snugly around the teeth.
- Tissue Grafting: Soft-tissue and hard-tissue grafting may be performed along with flap surgery to help repair and replace unhealthy tissue and cover areas where the gums have receded.
Contact Us Today
By brushing your teeth at least twice a day, flossing daily, rinsing with an antibacterial mouthwash, and visiting the dentist for routine cleanings and exams every six months, you can help prevent periodontal disease. If you think you may be suffering from the effects of periodontal disease, contact Smiles of Trinity Family Dentistry today to schedule your appointment with Dr. Franceschi
“The doctor and staff go the extra mile to make sure I am comfortable and understand exactly what is taking place. I have been a patient for over 5 years and am 110 percent satisfied.” Randee W.